Mental violenceMental violence

All physical and sexual violence involves some psychological harm. According to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC, General Comment No.13, 2011), mental violence is often described as psychological maltreatment, verbal abuse and emotional abuse or neglect.

Adolescents experiencing emotional abuse

Emotional abuse can take a broad range of forms. The Optimus study took a fairly narrow approach to measuring emotional abuse and produced a relatively low estimate for the prevalence of emotional abuse amongst adolescents.

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Adolescents experiencing bullying at secondary school

Bullying is the use of physical or verbal aggression to assert power over another person. With growing access to technology and social media, children are increasingly exposed to new types of bullying, known as 'cyber-bullying'.

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University of Cape Town
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