Pilot DistrictsPilot Districts

Ugu District, KwaZulu-Natal

Date: February 2018


According to the 2011 Census, children make up 40% of the population in the Ugu district. The map below shows the distribution of the child population (under 18 years) by ward within the Ugu District. Click on the legend in the bottom right corner to see where selected services are located. 


Data Source
Notes The child population data is taken from the 2011 Census, based on the ward boundaries used at the time. The 2016 district boundaries have been used to demarcate the district, resulting in some minor discrepancies as a result of changes to the boundaries between the two years.

Levels of violence against children

The 2016 prevalence survey on child sexual abuse and other forms of maltreatment provided South Africa’s first national data on the extent of child abuse. The study found that a quarter (26%) of respondents aged 15 to 17 years nationally reported some form of sexual abuse (based on data from self-administered questionnaires in the household study). Lower rates of sexual abuse were reported in KwaZulu-Natal, where 7% of adolescents reported some form of sexual abuse. It is not clear to what extent these figures are affected by under-reporting.

In discussions with child protection stakeholders in the district, it was noted that it is not uncommon for families to want to deal with such issues privately, rather than report them. This may involve the payment of ‘damages’ to settle the matter, with little focus on support for the child involved.

In the absence of routine data from the Child Protection Register, crime statistics provide data at the district level that can be used to monitor trends over time. But while surveys pick up a range of experiences of violence amongst children, crime data reflects only those incidents that fit the narrow definition of a crime, and only those that are reported to the police. They therefore only scratch the surface when it comes to understanding the extent of the challenge.

Risk and protective factors

No single factor or cause explains why some children experience violence. Instead, a number of factors interact to heighten or mitigate a child’s risk of exposure to violence.
Addressing violence against children requires not only reducing risk, but also strengthening protective factors in a range of settings – including in children’s homes, schools and communities.
Building a picture of the risk and protective factors for children is limited by the data available. The table below provides some insight into potential risk and protective factors in the Ugu district.