The first national prevalence survey on child sexual victimisation found that one in four adolescents has experienced some form of sexual victimisation in their lifetime. Surveys capture incidents that are not reported to authorities, but there is still likely to be under-reporting.
Sexual assault also falls into the broad category of sexual offences. As with rape, there are likely to be high levels of under-reporting on sexual assault, particularly if there is no visible injury.
South Africa has high levels of reported rape, but the true extent of the problem is unknown. It is widely recognised that rape and other sexual offences are substantially under-reported.
Unlike kidnapping, abduction is a crime that is specific to children. It consists of removing a child from his or her guardian's care for the specific purpose of marriage or sexual intercourse with the child.